Building Peace in the Middle East
In recent years, plenty of important events are happening in the Middle East. The region has been a hotbed of internal and external disorder and has been subject to attempts of reorganization. Here the outer factors have played a bigger role than the internal conditions. The reorganization, that is based on outer factors and that has been attempted, is conducted with the prejudice coming from the past. It is academically impossible picture Islam as unsuitable and/or opposed to Democracy and a radical, violent and anti-democratic system of values. However, today the problems in the Middle East are discussed on the basis of Western Democracies and presenting these democracies as the archetype, while highlighting these democracy’s qualities. Economic backwardness, state intervention in economics, a lack of dynamic civil society, a lack of trust between the people and even the distance from Europe is considered as a factor that stops the Middle Eastern societies from democratization. As a result, the analyses that focus on the importance that how much these qualities are related to democracy and how much the Middle Eastern societies have these qualities. In these analyses the countries which have a special interest in the region should not be overlooked. It should be added that the countries in the Middle East have failed present a participatory system that reflect the will of the people and this has been one the most haunting problems for the region. As a result, even though democracy and human rights are mentioned regularly for the Middle East by the Western World, a sincere attitude cannot be seen when it comes to implementing these values. The negative descriptions of Islam as a religion along with the already existing negative prejudices in the western World as well as the terrorist groups who claim to act for Islam (Al Qaeda, El Nusra, ISIS, Boko Haram etc.) have led to increased conflict and constituted a serious problem for the efforts to implement peace in the Middle East. This situation, not only related to religion or sect but also with ethnic and cultural areas, has been used to destabilize the already fragile region and has been used to help the resources of the region to be collected in the hands of certain powers and has led the region being dependent on the bigger powers. To counter this, every relationship (economic, cultural, trade, tourism, academic etc.) must be revitalized. In order to achieve this, the people of the region should be organized in the public sphere, there should be a free media and the society should be able to influence the policy making process and the politics to their will. This is possible to the extent of outer influences being diluted and dependency getting decreased. As a result, it is vital that all the aspects mentioned should be emphasized in order to build internal and external peace in the middle east. In this context, this symposium where the problems regarding the Middle East will be discussed in various fields of social sciences, will focus on setting welfare, peace and stability in the region. In other words, along with the topics listed below, the aim of the conference is to focus on disposing the violence and conflict that has become so widespread in the region and again focus on the ability to establish welfare, peace and stability in the region.